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Frogs & Others

White Lipped Tree Frogs

 

White Lipped Tree Frogs are bright green or brown and a lighter colour on their underside, with a white stripe along their lower jaw and side of their heads. They are nocturnal, hunting insects and other invertebrates of a night and spending their days resting in trees and other protected areas. We try and find these frogs on our Daintree cruises.

 

Green Tree Snake

 

The Green Tree Snake is a common snake which lives in a variety of habitats. It lives in open forests, rural lands and even backyards. It is dark green and has a yellow underside, active by day and are non-venomous. They eat frogs and lizards and are agile climbers. We can often find them in the trees alongside where we do our Daintree river cruises.

 

Amethystine Python

 

These pythons can be very large, often 3 – 5 metres, but there are records of these pythons reaching 8.5 metres. They have brilliant shiny scales which reflect an Amethyst colour in direct sunlight. They live in tropical rainforests and can be aggressive. They hunt fruit bats, rodents and other ground-dwelling animals at night and are quite shy during the day so it is sometimes difficult to spot them from our Daintree crocodile tours but we do find them.

 

Fiddler Crabs

 

Fiddler crabs live in intertidal areas, mostly in mangrove forests where there is mud. They make a burrow to hide in during both high and low tide and to keep their eggs. Males have one big claw for fighting, attracting females and defending their burrows. Females have two small claws. These crabs scrape the surface of the mud and bring it to their mouth where they sift out the organic matter to consume. People often spot these crabs when on their Daintree bird watching tours.

 

Mud crab

 

These crabs grow quickly due to frequent moults. They are carnivores and herbivores – opportunistic feeders which eat a wide variety of food and we have seen them do some amazing things when we are out on our Daintree tours. Mud crabs have eyes on the top of their heads which allow them to see 360 degrees, antennae which can sense movements in the water and tiny hairs on their legs which can sense movements and tastes in the water. Mud crabs have powerful claws they use \for feeding and defence, and can even drop a claw to escape if they have to. A new one will grow back in a few months.

 

Barramundi

 

Barramundi live in the Daintree River right around where we do our Daintree river tours, usually reaching 1.2m in size however they can grow to 1.8m. They are carnivorous, mostly eating smaller fish and crustaceans.

 

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Archerfish

 

These fish prey on land-based insects by shooting them down with a jet stream of water from their mouths. They are very accurate from 1 – 2m away but can shoot up to 5m, likely because of their good eyesight. Archerfish are an amazing feature of our Daintree discovery tours.

 

Spectacled Flying Foxes

 

Spectacled Flying Foxes are also known as Fruit-Bats. They get their name form the pale coloured rings around its eyes which look like spectacles. In Australia, they only live in the north-eastern wet regions in Queensland. They are also found in New Guinea and some off shore islands. They spend most of their time in the canopy of tall rainforest trees and mangroves. They set off at dusk in search of food, using their good eyesight and sense of smell. Predators of the Flying Foxes include Pythons and the White-breasted Sea-eagle. These animals are important dispersers of seeds in the rainforest and were listed as being a threatened species in 2002. As they are a nocturnal animal they are sometimes hard to find during the day when we do our Daintree cruises.

 

Mangrove Ecosystem

 

Mangroves are plants which are able to live in soils which are regularly waterlogged. We see mangroves when we do our Daintree river cruises. They have adaptations for accessing air in these environments, namely their root structures. Daintree has many different species of mangroves, 30 out of the 34 that exist in Queensland. Some mangroves have buttressed roots, others have stilts and some have snorkel-like roots which stick out of the mud. Mangroves are essential to many ecosystems, they act as breeding and feeding grounds for many species of fish and crustaceans, protect the coastline from erosion and have high productivity. This productivity directly affects the food chain in their ecosystem – mangroves produce organic matter which is consumed by many species of crabs, molluscs and worms. These primary consumers are then eaten by secondary consumers such as young fish and other predators, such as the crocodiles we see on our Daintree crocodile tours, who become third level consumers when they reach adulthood.

 

Mangroves therefore also influence economic values, through commercial fisheries, and recreational values by keeping birdwatchers (Such as the people who flock to the region for Daintree bird watching tours) and recreational fishers busy.

 

More information on Brids - click here

More information on Crocodiles - click here

More information on Frogs & Others - click here

 

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